The presumption of innocence is the foundation of any criminal defense case. But if the defendant is in jail, that presumption of innocence essentially becomes a presumption of guilt.
It's hard to believe that the liberation of France began seventy-five years ago today. It is even harder to believe that, at the time, the Normandy invasion was a risky and unpopular proposition.
Partially due to the stern warnings about mandatory drivers' license suspension and the use of refusal information in court, about 75 percent of the people who are arrested for DWI submit to a chemical test. Many others probably do not fully understand that they have a right to refuse the test, and they do not understand how much chemical tests increase conviction rates.
In a series of decisions during the 1960s, the Supreme Court applied the Fourth Amendment and other Constitutional protections to the states. So, Tarrant County law enforcement agencies must respect the same rules as the FBI, ATF, DEA, and other federal law enforcement agencies.
The former Desperate Housewives star admitted in court that she bribed admissions officials to help her daughter attend college.
Almost literally from beginning to end, the Walk and Turn test is designed to support DWI arrests, whether the test subjects are intoxicated or not.
In many ways, the OLS is the classic DWI field sobriety test. This divided attention test measures both mental acuity and physical dexterity. Usually, people who are intoxicated cannot walk and chew gum at the same time in this way. That's why alcohol is such as dangerous driving impairment substance.
Most people have undergone a Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus test at one time or another. Doctors use it to look for signs of neurological problems. Usually, the test administrator instructs the subject to follow a moving point, such as a fingertip, just by moving their eyes. If the pupils move involuntarily, the person probably has nystagmus.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice supervises about a quarter of a million probationers a year. That figure does not include the high number of absconders (people who completely ignore probation orders) or who are later incarcerated for some reason.